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Abstract

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The Expressivity Dimension of Speech is the basis of the Expression Dimension. Evidence from Behavioural and Neuroimaging Studies

Affiliation

Affiliation

    University of Bordeaux, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | CNRS, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | CEA, GIN, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | IMN Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases UMR 5293, Team 5: GIN Neurofunctional Imaging Group, CEA-CNRS, University of Bordeaux, Center Broca Nouvelle-Aquitaine-3rd floor, 146 rue Léo-Saignat-CS 61292-Case 28, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France 

    University of Bordeaux, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | CNRS, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | CEA, GIN, IMN, UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France | IMN Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases UMR 5293, Team 5: GIN Neurofunctional Imaging Group, CEA-CNRS, University of Bordeaux, Center Broca Nouvelle-Aquitaine-3rd floor, 146 rue Léo-Saignat-CS 61292-Case 28, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France 

Abstract

The modalities of communication are the sum of the expression dimension (linguistics) and the expressivity dimension (prosody), both being equally important in language communication. The expressivity dimension which comes first in the act of speech, is the basis on which phonemes, syllables, words, grammar, and morphosyntax, i.e., the expression dimension of speech is superimposed. We will review evidence (1) revealing the importance of prosody in language acquisition and (2) showing that prosody triggers the involvement of specific brain areas dedicated to sentences and word-list processing. To support the first point, we will not only rely on experimental psychology studies conducted in newborns and young children but also on neuroimaging studies that have helped to validate these behavioral experiments. Then, neuroimaging data on adults will allow for the conclusion that the expressivity dimension of speech modulates both the right hemisphere prosodic areas and the left hemisphere network in charge of the expression dimension.

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