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Commentary guidelines

Commentary guidelines at IgMin Research

Our mission is to foster interdisciplinary dialogue and accelerate the advancement of knowledge across a wide spectrum of scientific domains.

Acceptance Criteria

For your Opinion or Commentary article to be accepted for publication in IgMin Research – STEM, a multidisciplinary journal, there are specific criteria that your manuscript must meet. Here, we will break down these criteria by sub-types of articles within the Opinion or Commentary category: Editorials, Guest Commentaries, and Expert Opinions.

Editorials: Criteria and requirements

Editorials are generally written by members of the editorial board or invited guest editors. They provide an overview of the contents of the journal issue, comment on topical events, or introduce novel ideas or perspectives.

Scope and objective

  1. Topic relevance: The editorial must be on a topic of high relevance to the STEM community.
  2. Timeliness: The content should be current and applicable to ongoing debates or trends.


  1. Expertise: Authored by an individual or group with a deep understanding of the subject matter.
  2. Affiliation: Generally written by editorial board members, although guest editorials are sometimes solicited.

Content requirements

  1. Originality: The content must be original and not published elsewhere.
  2. Clarity: The narrative must be easily understandable, presenting a clear thesis and supporting arguments.

Structure and length

  1. Word limit: 800-1000 words
  2. Sub-sections: Introduction, Body, and Conclusion

References and citations

  1. Reliability: Cite only peer-reviewed sources or reputable publications.
  2. Number: Generally, editorials don’t require extensive citations; a handful of key references should suffice.

Guest commentaries: Criteria and requirements

Guest Commentaries may cover a wide range of subjects, including policy recommendations, new methodologies, or interpretations of research findings within the STEM domain.

Scope and objective

  1. Topic relevance: The commentary should tackle a contemporary issue or discuss innovative methods or practices.
  2. Timeliness: Ideally, the commentary should be relevant to the current academic and public discourse.


  1. Expertise: The author should be an expert in the field discussed in the article.
  2. Affiliation: Guest experts who are not part of the editorial board can also author these pieces.

Content requirements

  1. Originality: Unique perspectives or insights are highly valued.
  2. Clarity: The argument or message should be well-structured and easily digestible.

Structure and length

  1. Word limit: 1000-1500 words
  2. Sub-sections: Introduction, Background, Argument, Conclusion

References and citations

  1. Reliability: Only use citations from reputable sources.
  2. Number: A moderate number of references are expected; typically around 5-10.

Expert opinions: Criteria and requirements

Expert Opinions offer deep insights into very specific topics, providing the reader with an in-depth understanding of the subject matter based on the expertise of the author.

Scope and objective

  1. Topic relevance: Should provide value to specialists within the specific STEM field.
  2. Timeliness: Not as time-sensitive as editorials or commentaries but should still be current.


  1. Expertise: Must be written by an authority in the subject.
  2. Affiliation: There are no restrictions on authorship other than demonstrable expertise in the subject matter.

Content requirements

  1. Originality: Must offer a fresh perspective or new interpretation.
  2. Clarity: Technical language can be used, but the article must be readable for those with a general STEM background.

Structure and length

  1. Word limit: 1200-2000 words
  2. Sub-sections: Introduction, Background, Opinion, Conclusion

References and citations

  1. Reliability: High-quality academic sources should be used for citations.
  2. Number: A substantial number of citations may be used, demonstrating deep research.

Reporting Standards and Guidelines

The credibility and overall quality of any academic journal depend heavily on the strict adherence to standardized reporting guidelines. At IgMin Research – STEM, we emphasize the importance of maintaining high ethical standards and robust scientific rigor. In this context, it is crucial for authors to align their submissions with internationally recognized guidelines. Specifically, for Opinion and Commentary Articles—such as Editorials, Guest Commentaries, and Expert Opinions—the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) offers a comprehensive set of guidelines. Below we elaborate on various elements and how they should be adhered to for a submission to be considered.

Importance of standardization

Standardization is not merely a box-ticking exercise. It serves as a quality control mechanism, ensuring that every article meets specific quality benchmarks. For Opinion and Commentary Articles, this is particularly essential as these pieces often shape perceptions and inform future research. Standardization guarantees a uniform presentation of data, a transparent methodological approach, and an unbiased narrative, thereby building trust among readers and increasing the article's impact.

ICMJE Guidelines: An overview

The ICMJE guidelines serve as a comprehensive framework for ensuring quality and transparency in biomedical journals, but their tenets are generally applicable to a broad range of scientific disciplines including STEM. They cover aspects such as manuscript preparation, ethical considerations, and data sharing protocols, among others.

  1. Manuscript preparation: The ICMJE stipulates that manuscripts should be constructed in a specific format, often simplified as IMRAD—Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Even though Opinion and Commentary Articles may not follow this structure strictly, the essence of presenting a coherent, logical narrative remains a cornerstone of good scholarly writing.
  2. Ethical considerations: The guidelines have a robust section on ethical considerations including informed consent, patient confidentiality, and authorship. As these articles may reference patient data or clinical trials, adherence to ethical norms is non-negotiable.
  3. Data sharing: Data sharing adds a layer of transparency to your submissions. While this is more relevant to research articles, Opinion and Commentary Articles should also mention if the opinion is based on any data and whether this data is available for public scrutiny.

Manuscript sections and their alignment with ICMJE

The different types of Opinion and Commentary Articles should align their core sections with the general principles outlined by the ICMJE. Below are some key considerations for each article type:

  1. Editorials: Editorials usually discuss the implications of research findings, therefore factual accuracy, and the representation of data becomes essential. It should follow ICMJE's guidelines on referencing and factual presentation to avoid any ambiguity or potential for misinterpretation.
  2. Guest commentaries: These articles often dissect complex issues within STEM fields. Consequently, the quality of argumentation, the veracity of the facts presented, and the logical coherence of the article should adhere to the rigorous criteria set by the ICMJE.
  3. Expert opinions: These articles represent a unique viewpoint based on expertise. While subjectivity is permissible, the arguments made must be supported by robust evidence and should follow the ICMJE's guidelines on citing sources and data representation.

Ethical clearance

It's essential to specify if your article requires ethical clearance. Typically, ethical clearance is a requisite for research involving human or animal subjects, but in the realm of Opinion and Commentary, it's equally important to maintain ethical rigor, especially when discussing case studies, patients, or sensitive data.

Peer review

Even though Opinion and Commentary Articles are often invited submissions, the peer-review process still applies, following ICMJE guidelines. This process adds an additional layer of scrutiny, helping to uphold the journal's quality and reputation.

Supplementary materials

If your article includes supplementary materials like datasets, questionnaires, or additional documentation, ensure they meet the ICMJE guidelines for transparency and accessibility.

Conflicts of interest

Authors must disclose any conflicts of interest as stipulated by the ICMJE guidelines. Transparency in this regard helps to maintain the integrity of the article and the journal.

Plagiarism check

According to ICMJE guidelines, all articles, including Opinion and Commentary, should be subjected to a plagiarism check to ensure the originality of the content.

Revisions and resubmissions

Once the manuscript undergoes peer review, authors might be asked to make revisions. The ICMJE guidelines provide a framework for how revisions should be carried out and submitted for re-review.

Final thoughts on compliance

While it may appear cumbersome to adhere to a multitude of guidelines, the payoff in terms of the article's credibility and overall quality is invaluable. A well-structured, ethically sound, and methodologically rigorous article adds not only to the authors' reputations but also enhances the standing of the journal. Therefore, compliance with ICMJE guidelines—or any other internationally recognized standards—is not just a requirement but a marker of excellence in scholarly publishing.

In summary, aligning with the ICMJE guidelines is imperative for ensuring that your Opinion and Commentary Article meets the rigorous scientific, ethical, and methodological standards that readers of IgMin Research – STEM expect. Given the influential nature of these articles, this alignment is not merely a formality but a critical step in scholarly communication. Following these guidelines closely will ensure the highest chance of your manuscript being accepted for publication.

Structure and Word Limit

The structural integrity of a manuscript, particularly in the realm of opinion or commentary articles, is of critical importance. This ensures that the narrative thread runs coherently, enabling the reader to follow your argument with ease. Here, we delve deeper into the backbone structure and word limits for each sub-type of opinion or commentary articles: Editorials, Guest Commentaries, and Expert Opinions.


Introduction: The introduction sets the stage for the topic under discussion. It serves as a brief snapshot that conveys the essence and purpose of the editorial. It must captivate the reader's attention and build a foundation for the arguments that will follow.

  • Word limit: 150-200 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Context of the editorial
    2. Scope and limits of the topic
    3. Relevance to the broader field

Body: This is the heart of the editorial where the crux of your arguments will reside. The body should flow logically and each paragraph should serve a distinct purpose.

  • Word limit: 500-600 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Primary arguments
    2. Supplementary evidence or examples
    3. Counterarguments, if applicable
    4. Transition statements

Conclusion: The conclusion serves to summarize the key points made in the body, leaving the reader with a clear takeaway.

  • Word limit: 150-200 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Summary of primary arguments
    2. Significance of the discussion
    3. Final thoughts or calls to action

Overall Word Limit for Editorials: 800-1000 words

Guest commentaries

Introduction: Similar to editorials, the introduction in a guest commentary needs to outline the topic and its relevance succinctly. However, there is often more latitude to include personal experiences or observations.

  • Word limit: 200-300 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Anecdotes or personal experiences
    2. Contextualization of the topic
    3. Purpose and objectives

Background: This section provides additional context and builds a solid foundation for the commentary.

  • Word limit: 300-400 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Historical perspectives
    2. Recent developments
    3. Literature review, if applicable

Argument: The core section where you present your viewpoint and back it up with evidence.

  • Word limit: 400-600 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Core arguments
    2. Supporting data or anecdotes
    3. Counterarguments and rebuttals

Conclusion: Wrap up your commentary by summarizing your points and explaining the broader implications.

  • Word limit: 100-200 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Summary
    2. Future outlook
    3. Calls to action or recommendations

Overall Word Limit for Guest Commentaries: 1000-1500 words

Expert opinions

Introduction: Expert Opinions allow for a deep dive into a niche topic. The introduction should indicate why the expert’s viewpoint is vital.

  • Word limit: 200-300 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Credentials or experience that qualify you as an expert
    2. Why this topic is crucial now
    3. What questions the opinion piece will answer

Background: Lay the groundwork by reviewing existing knowledge and debates in the field.

  • Word limit: 400-500 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Historical context
    2. Current trends
    3. Controversies or differing opinions

Opinion: This section is the crux of the article and should be the longest. Here, you share your unique insights and substantiate them.

  • Word limit: 600-800 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Detailed opinion backed by facts, research, or experiences
    2. Examples or case studies
    3. Address counterarguments or criticisms

Conclusion: Like the other article types, the conclusion brings together your primary points and suggests next steps or calls to action.

  • Word limit: 200-300 words
  • Key elements:
    1. Summary of key insights
    2. Significance and implications
    3. Recommendations or future directions

Overall Word Limit for Expert Opinions: 1200-2000 words

In all these article types, the word limits serve as guidelines rather than strict rules. They aim to ensure conciseness while providing ample room for depth and nuance. Adhering to these structures and word limits is likely to make your manuscript more compelling and easier to follow, thereby enhancing its impact and reach.

Keep in mind that the more concise and straightforward your article, the more accessible it will be to a broad audience. This is particularly crucial for opinion or commentary pieces, which often aim to spark conversation or instigate change. Well-structured arguments and clear language can make your work more influential, resonating not just within your field but also in broader academic and public spheres.

Overall, the structure and word limit requirements serve as a practical roadmap for constructing an engaging and impactful article. Following these guidelines will aid in streamlining the editorial process and will increase the likelihood of your manuscript being accepted for publication in IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal.

Specific Formatting Guidelines for Opinion

Effective formatting is crucial for streamlining the pagination process, ensuring consistent appearance across different articles, and facilitating a smoother peer-review process. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the key aspects that authors should consider when formatting their Opinion or Commentary Articles for submission to IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal.

Page layout and margins

Start with an 8.5 x 11-inch page setting (U.S. letter size) in your word processor. Ensure that the margins are set at 1 inch (2.54 cm) on all sides. This standard size is crucial as it is universally accepted for scientific journals and helps in the easy alignment of text and figures during the pagination process.

1. Text alignment and indentation: The text should be aligned to the "justified" setting. The first line of each new paragraph should be indented by 0.5 inches. Never use the space bar to align text; always use the tab key or the paragraph settings in your word processor.

2. Page numbering and running headers: Page numbers should be placed at the bottom-center of each page. A running header featuring a shortened version of the article title can also be included at the top of each page, aligned to the right. This helps in easier navigation and organization during the review process.

Fonts and styling

The standard font for the manuscript text should be 12-point Times New Roman. This is because it's universally accepted and easy to read.

1. Subheadings and special sections: Subheadings should be in bold and start at the left margin. Special sections like ‘Acknowledgments’ and ‘References’ should also be bolded and centered on the page.

2. Special characters and equations: For any special characters or equations, use the ‘Insert’ function of your word processor to ensure they are clearly rendered. If specific styling is required for subscripts or superscripts, make sure they are consistently applied throughout the manuscript.

3. Spacing and paragraphs: The entire manuscript should be double-spaced. This is not just for the text but extends to the references, figure legends, and tables. Double spacing ensures that there is enough room for markers and reviewers to make annotations.

4. Between sections and subsections: Leave a blank line between sections and subsections to clearly demarcate them.

Figures and tables

Figures and tables should be incorporated within the text at the points where they are referred to, rather than being grouped at the end of the manuscript.

1. Captioning and numbering: Every table and figure must have a caption and be sequentially numbered. The captions should offer enough information that the figure or table is understandable without needing to refer to the main text.

2. Image resolution and quality: Images should be submitted in high-resolution, with a minimum of 300 DPI for grayscale and 600 DPI for color images. This ensures that figures are clear and legible when printed.

3. Data tables: Tables should be created using the table function in the word processor to ensure that columns align correctly. Never use the tab key or space bar to create a table.

Citations and references

Follow the NLM style guide for references. All citations should be numbered consecutively and correspond to a numbered reference list at the end of the manuscript.

1. In-text citations: For in-text citations, use superscript numbers immediately after the punctuation mark that follows the cited material.

2. Reference list: The reference list should be double-spaced and each entry should have a hanging indent of 0.5 inches.

Supplementary materials

Any supplementary files, appendices, or additional data should be clearly labeled and referenced within the main manuscript text. Submit these as separate files but ensure they are also formatted according to the guidelines.

Final checklist

Before submission, ensure that all pages are correctly numbered and that all figures and tables are clearly labeled and of high quality. Double-check your citations and references to ensure they conform to the NLM style.

Professional software and tools

Though not mandatory, professional layout and typesetting software like Adobe InDesign or LaTeX can offer advanced formatting options and greater consistency. However, these require a learning curve and may not be necessary for simpler articles.

In summary, adherence to these detailed formatting guidelines will not only streamline the editorial process but also significantly increase your manuscript’s chances of being accepted. Through uniform formatting, we aim to create a coherent and visually pleasing reading experience for all our subscribers and members of the academic community. Thank you for considering IgMin Research – STEM for your scholarly contributions.


When it comes to publishing in an academic journal like IgMin Research – STEM, adhering to formatting guidelines is crucial. Proper formatting not only lends credibility to your work but also streamlines the editorial process, thereby facilitating a quicker review and publishing timeline. Below are elaborate guidelines that authors must adhere to when formatting their Opinion or Commentary articles.

Text format and fonts

1. Choice of font: For consistency and readability, all manuscripts should be typed in a 12-point Times New Roman font. This standard font is universally recognized and easily accessible on most word processors, ensuring your document is viewed the same way across different platforms.

2. Line spacing and margins: All text should be double-spaced to allow for easier reading and annotation during the review process. Margins should be set at 1-inch on all sides. Do not justify the right margin; use a flush-left style.

3. Paragraphs and indentation: Each new paragraph should be indented by 0.5 inches. Do not add extra spaces between paragraphs. In Microsoft Word, this can be set up in the "Paragraph" settings under the "Layout" or "Page Layout" tab.

4. Headings and subheadings: Use clear and concise headings and subheadings to guide the reader through the document. For differentiation, headings can be bolded, while subheadings can be italicized. Make sure to number them sequentially (1, 1.1, 1.1.1 etc.) for ease of navigation.

Figures and illustrations

1. Formats and resolution: Figures should be submitted in high-resolution JPEG or PNG format. Aim for a resolution of at least 300 DPI to ensure quality isn't lost during the publication process.

2. Placement and labels: Figures must be incorporated into the text at the points where they are referenced. Each figure should be numbered consecutively and have a descriptive caption placed below the figure.

3. Copyright and permission: Ensure that all figures are either your own or that you have obtained the appropriate permissions to use them. Any copyrighted material must be acknowledged, and permissions should be listed in the acknowledgements section.


1. Table preparation: Tables should be prepared using the table function in your word processor. Avoid using tabs or spaces to mimic the appearance of a table as this can lead to formatting issues during production.

2. Numbering and titles: Each table should be numbered consecutively and have a brief yet descriptive title. Titles should be placed above the table and formatted in the same 12-point Times New Roman font used for the text.

3. Table footnotes: Any explanatory footnotes should be placed immediately below the table, differentiated by superscripted lowercase alphabetic characters (a, b, c, etc.).

Supplementary information and files

1. Types of files: Supplementary information, such as extended data sets, video clips, or additional explanations, can be submitted as separate files in commonly used formats like PDF, Excel, or MP4.

2. Labelling and linking: Ensure each supplementary file is labeled clearly to indicate its contents and relevance to the main manuscript. Directly reference these files within the manuscript to guide the reader.

3. Quality and presentation: Supplementary files should maintain a high standard of quality consistent with the main manuscript. Any variations in quality between the main manuscript and supplementary materials can detract from the overall presentation of your work.

Final checks and precautions

1. Consistency: Maintain a consistent style throughout the manuscript. For instance, if you choose to write out numbers one through nine and use numerals for 10 and above, this rule should be applied consistently throughout the article.

2. Spell check and grammar: Before submitting, run a spell check and, if possible, have a colleague review the document for grammatical errors.

3. Proofreading: Ensure you carefully proofread your manuscript multiple times. This will help you catch errors that automated spell checks may miss and allow you to improve the flow and structure of your document.

4. Versioning: Always keep multiple backups and versions of your manuscript. Name your files clearly to avoid confusion and potential loss of work due to accidental overwrites.

By adhering to these meticulous formatting guidelines, authors ensure that the focus remains on the quality and impact of their scholarly contributions. This attention to detail will significantly aid in the smooth progression of your manuscript through the editorial review process, ultimately helping you share your insights and expertise with the global scientific community more efficiently.

Remember that failure to abide by these guidelines could result in delays in the processing of your manuscript or even its outright rejection. Therefore, it's vital to adhere to these guidelines as closely as possible for the best chances of having your article published in IgMin Research – STEM.

The importance of visuals in scholarly articles

The old saying, "A picture is worth a thousand words," holds true even in the context of scholarly publications. Images can not only make your manuscript more appealing but can also aid in understanding complex concepts, making data easier to digest, or enhancing your argument or commentary.

Why opt for non-copyrighted pictures?

Copyright issues can be a significant barrier in academic publishing. Using copyrighted pictures without permission can lead to legal repercussions and ethical questions, jeopardizing the credibility of both the author and the journal. Hence, opting for non-copyrighted pictures is a prudent choice to mitigate these risks.

Sources for non-copyrighted pictures

There are multiple platforms offering non-copyrighted images for academic use, such as:

  1. Wikimedia Commons
  2. Public Domain Pictures
  3. Free Stock Photos
  4. Unsplash
  5. Pixabay

Remember to check the licensing of each photo to ensure that you have the rights to use it in an academic publication.

Types of pictures to consider

  1. Data visualizations: Graphs, charts, and other representations of data.
  2. Diagrams: Flow charts, conceptual models, etc.
  3. Photographs: Photos should be of high quality and relevant to the content.
  4. Screenshots: Useful when discussing specific software or databases.
  5. Artistic representations: Sometimes a topic might benefit from a conceptual or even artistic visual interpretation.

Factors to keep in mind

  1. Resolution: Opt for high-resolution images.
  2. Relevance: Every image should serve a purpose.
  3. Labeling: All images must be appropriately labeled and captioned.
  4. Quality: Grainy or pixelated images are a distraction.

How to incorporate pictures

  1. Placement: Ideally, images should be placed near the related text.
  2. File formats: Use JPEG or PNG file formats as these are widely accepted and offer good quality.
  3. Figure numbering: If you are using multiple pictures, number them in the order they appear in the text.

Accessibility considerations

Make sure that your pictures are accessible to all, including people with visual impairments. Alt-text descriptions can be extremely useful for this purpose.

Ethical considerations

  1. Citations: Always cite the source of your picture.
  2. Integrity: Do not manipulate images in a way that may deceive the reader or distort the data.
  3. Permissions: Even with non-copyrighted pictures, check if the license requires you to get the creator's permission for modification or commercial use.

Editing tools for non-copyrighted pictures

There are many software options like Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, and Canva that offer editing tools to tweak your chosen pictures so they better fit the context and aesthetics of your article.

Step-by-step guide to adding pictures

  1. Selection: Choose an image that adds value to your manuscript.
  2. Download: Download a high-resolution version of the image.
  3. Edit: Make necessary adjustments using image editing software.
  4. Cite: Add proper citation and license information.
  5. Insert: Insert the image into your manuscript at the appropriate place.
  6. Caption: Add a descriptive caption and a figure number.

Legal aspects to consider

  1. Licensing: Make sure you read and understand the terms of use.
  2. Commercial use: Some licenses restrict the commercial use of an image.
  3. Attribution: Certain licenses require you to credit the author.
  4. Permissions: Always double-check if permission is needed for your intended use.


Incorporating non-copyrighted pictures can substantially improve the impact and readability of your Opinion or Commentary article. While pictures can serve as powerful tools to reinforce your textual narrative, due diligence must be exercised to ensure that they are sourced and utilized ethically and legally.

By following this comprehensive guide, you should be well-equipped to enhance your article visually while adhering to the ethical and legal standards of academic publishing.

Precautions and Cautions

Understanding the significance of originality

One of the most crucial aspects that authors should pay attention to is the originality of their work. The submitted articles must not be previously published elsewhere or under consideration for publication by another journal. Plagiarism, even when unintentional, could lead to immediate rejection. Therefore, authors must properly cite all external sources and obtain permissions for using any copyrighted material.

  • Using plagiarism check tools: It's advisable to run your manuscript through plagiarism detection software before submission. These tools will highlight sections that need proper citation, thereby reducing the likelihood of unintended plagiarism.

Conforming to ethical guidelines

Another crucial consideration is adhering to ethical guidelines, particularly when your opinion or commentary discusses original research, human subjects, or clinical trials.

  • Informed consent and confidentiality: If your article discusses cases or subjects that can be identified, you must obtain informed consent from them. Any identifiers should be eliminated or disguised to maintain confidentiality.

7.3. The importance of clarity and objectivity

The objective of an opinion or commentary piece is often to shed new light on, or introduce a unique perspective to, a topic. However, the opinions presented must be backed by logical reasoning and, where possible, empirical evidence.

  • Avoiding ambiguity: Use specific and unambiguous language. Ambiguity can mislead readers and obscure the message you're trying to convey. Each argument should flow logically from one point to the next.

Conforming to journal style and formatting

Ignoring the prescribed style guide and formatting instructions is a common reason for manuscript rejection.

  • Formatting relevance: Precise formatting is not just a bureaucratic requirement; it helps in the smooth processing and quicker publication of your article.

Proper citation and reference formatting

It is vital to cite your sources correctly. Wrong citations not only mislead your readers but also affect the credibility of your article and the journal.

  • The NLM citation style: Given that IgMin Research – STEM requires citations to be in NLM style, acquainting yourself with this format is beneficial. Incorrect citation formatting could result in delays or even rejection.

Figures, tables, and supplementary materials

While these are generally optional in opinion or commentary articles, they can enhance your article's impact. However, these should not be inserted without purpose. Each figure or table should complement the text, not just repeat what has already been said.

  • File types and resolutions: Use only high-resolution JPEG or PNG files for your figures. Tables should preferably be submitted in an editable format like MS Word.

Revision and peer feedback

Before submission, get feedback from colleagues who are experts in the field. Their insights can be invaluable for improving the quality of your article.

  • Professional editing services: If English is not your first language, consider using professional editing services to ensure that the language quality matches international academic standards.

Pre-submission checklists

Always refer to the checklist provided by the journal. It is easy to overlook minor but essential elements of the submission process, and the checklist serves as a final verification step.

  • Importance of covering letter and other documents: The covering letter is your opportunity to introduce the manuscript to the editor. Make sure it is persuasive and outlines the significance of your work. Additionally, ensure that other mandatory documents like the 'Author statement form' and 'Declaration of Interests' are correctly filled out.

Consequences of ignoring precautions

Failing to adhere to these guidelines could result in a range of negative outcomes, from delays in the review process to outright rejection.

  • Resubmission and appeal: If your article is rejected, consider the feedback carefully before resubmitting it either to the same journal or another. Ignoring the feedback would likely result in another rejection.

In summary, the precautions and cautions outlined here are not mere formalities but crucial steps designed to ensure the quality and integrity of both your article and the journal. Adhering to these guidelines will facilitate a smoother review process and enhance the credibility and impact of your published work.

Text Formatting

Text formatting plays an integral role in ensuring the readability and professional presentation of your article. Below we break down several important components that need your attention when preparing a manuscript for Opinion or Commentary articles to be published in IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal.

Manuscript text

  1. Font and size: To maintain uniformity, the manuscript text should be in 12-point Times New Roman font.
  2. Spacing and alignment: Double-spacing should be employed throughout the manuscript. Text should be left-aligned, but titles and headings may be centered if that's the preferred style.
  3. Margins: All sides of the document should have a one-inch margin. This aids in the pagination and layout process when the article is being formatted for publication.
  4. Paragraphing: Indent the first line of every new paragraph by 0.5 inches. Please refrain from adding extra lines between paragraphs.
  5. Bullet points and numbering: When presenting lists, bullet points or numbers can be used for clarity. Ensure that each list is properly indented.


  1. Table placement: Tables should be placed as close to their first mention in the text as possible.
  2. Table captioning and numbering: Each table should have a brief caption explaining its purpose. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are mentioned in the manuscript.
  3. Font and sizing in tables: The text within the tables should be in 12-point Times New Roman to maintain uniformity across the manuscript.
  4. Spacing in tables: It's preferable to double-space the content within tables for better readability.
  5. Table references: When referencing tables in the text, capitalize their names, for example, see Table 1.


  1. Figure placement: Like tables, figures should be placed as near as possible to their first mention in the text.
  2. Figure captioning and numbering: Captions should be brief but informative. Figures should also be numbered in consecutive order.
  3. Image quality: Submit figures in high-resolution JPEG or PNG formats. The resolution should be 300dpi or higher.
  4. Figure references: In the text, figure references should also be capitalized, for example, refer to Figure 2.
  5. Figure legends: If your figure requires a legend, it should be included below the figure and should be double-spaced.


  1. NLM style guide: References should be formatted following the National Library of Medicine (NLM) style guide. This is crucial for maintaining the integrity and credibility of your work.
  2. In-text citations: In-text citations should be numbered and placed in square brackets, for example [1], [2-5]. These numbers should correspond to the references listed at the end of the manuscript.
  3. Reference list: The reference list should be provided at the end of the manuscript. Each reference should be numbered and listed in the order in which they appear in the text.
  4. Citation of journals, books, and electronic sources: Follow NLM guidelines specifically for citing various kinds of sources. For journals, list the authors, title, journal name, year, volume, and page numbers. Books should include authors, title, publisher, and year of publication. For electronic sources, provide URLs and the date of access.
  5. Multiple citations: When citing multiple studies that make the same point, include them all in a single pair of brackets, separated by commas, for example [1,2,3].

Additional tips for text formatting

  1. Headings and sub-headings: For clarity and easier navigation, your manuscript should include clearly labeled headings and sub-headings. These should also be formatted in 12-point Times New Roman font, but can be bolded for differentiation.
  2. Page numbers: Include page numbers at the bottom-right corner of each page to facilitate easier review and editing processes.
  3. Consistency: Consistency in text formatting across the entire manuscript is crucial. Ensure that the formatting of all elements—text, tables, figures, and references—is uniform.
  4. Revision and Proofreading: Before submitting your manuscript, ensure it undergoes thorough proofreading to correct any formatting errors. The consistency in formatting not only improves the readability but also expedites the publication process.

By adhering to these detailed formatting guidelines, you enhance the integrity, readability, and overall quality of your manuscript. Proper text formatting is not just a requirement but a critical element that contributes to the dissemination and impact of your scholarly work in the scientific community. Therefore, we highly encourage all authors to pay close attention to these guidelines before submitting their manuscripts to IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal.

Article Preparatory Guidelines

We understand that preparing a manuscript for submission to a scientific journal can be an intricate and time-consuming process. To facilitate this, we at IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal offer a comprehensive set of article preparatory guidelines. This detailed guide aims to assist you through every step of your writing and submission process, ensuring that your manuscript not only meets our rigorous editorial standards but also maximizes its impact within the scientific community.

Understanding journal scope

Before you even begin writing, it is crucial to understand the scope and focus of our journal. IgMin Research – STEM is a multidisciplinary journal that covers all aspects of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). Please review past issues and articles to ensure that your topic fits within our scope. If your topic is aligned, not only is your manuscript more likely to be accepted, but it is also more likely to be read and cited by your peers.

Identifying your audience

Understanding your audience can significantly shape the tone, structure, and content of your manuscript. For our journal, the primary readership includes researchers, academicians, and professionals in the STEM field. Tailoring your article to meet their expectations can enhance its readability and impact.

Selecting the appropriate article type

IgMin Research – STEM accepts various article types, including Original Research, Reviews, Case Studies, and Opinion or Commentary Articles like Editorials, Guest Commentaries, and Expert Opinions. Each type has its requirements, so please consult our guidelines specific to the type of article you are submitting.

Preliminary literature review

Conducting a thorough literature review serves multiple purposes: it provides a background against which you can position your study or opinion, identifies gaps in current knowledge, and may offer methodologies that you can adopt or adapt. By referring to a wide range of sources, you strengthen your article’s credibility.

Crafting the title and abstract

Your title should be succinct while effectively conveying the essence of your research or opinion. A well-crafted title can attract more readers and facilitate better indexing in databases.

Similarly, your abstract should provide a concise summary of your work, including the problem you are addressing, your methodology, and your main findings or opinions. It should be structured well, ideally within 150 to 250 words.

Detailed methodology section

For original research articles, a detailed methodology section is crucial as it lends credibility to your research. It should include the research design, sample size, data collection methods, and statistical tests used, among other elements.

Data presentation and interpretation

How you present your data can greatly affect the impact of your findings. Make use of graphs, tables, and other illustrative elements. Additionally, take the time to interpret the data clearly and objectively in your text.

Ethics and compliance

Maintaining ethical integrity is paramount. If your study involves human or animal subjects, you must provide details about ethics approval and consent.

Writing style and language quality

While scientific rigor is vital, so too is the quality of your writing. Poorly structured sentences, grammatical errors, and unclear language can all detract from the impact of your article. We highly recommend that you have your manuscript reviewed by colleagues and, if possible, a professional editor.

Citation and references

All claims, statistics, and scientific facts should be appropriately cited using the NLM style. Proper citations not only provide credibility to your work but also help you avoid allegations of plagiarism.

Proofreading and peer review

Before submission, proofread your article carefully to weed out errors. You should also consider getting feedback from colleagues through informal peer reviews.

Pre-submission checks

Before you hit that "submit" button, double-check that you have complied with all guidelines, and have all required documents like the covering letter, author statement form, and others. Make sure your files are named appropriately and that you have followed the prescribed file formats.

Submission and post-submission

Once you've ensured all criteria are met, you can proceed to submit your manuscript through our online portal. After submission, you may be required to undertake revisions following peer review, which you must complete within the stipulated timeline.

Responding to reviews

Once your article has been reviewed, you may receive feedback that requires revisions. Treat this as an opportunity to enhance your manuscript. Address the comments point-by-point and provide a cover letter outlining the changes made.

Understanding journal metrics

After publication, your article’s impact can be gauged through various metrics like citation indices and Altmetrics. These metrics can provide valuable insights into the reach and influence of your work within the scientific community.

Promoting your article

Post-publication, it's important to promote your work for greater visibility. Utilize social media, institutional repositories, and academic networking sites like ResearchGate and for this purpose.

Through this detailed guide, we aim to provide you with all the resources you'll need to prepare your manuscript effectively for submission to IgMin Research – STEM. Our goal is to make the submission process as straightforward as possible while maintaining the highest standards of scientific integrity and excellence. Thank you for considering our journal as a home for your scholarly contributions.

Mandatory Submission Documents

A well-prepared manuscript doesn't just include the primary text but also an assortment of supplemental documents that serve various functions, from stating the authors' roles to declaring any potential conflicts of interest. Here, we elaborate on each of the essential documents you must submit to ensure a smooth evaluation and publication process.

Covering letter

The covering letter serves as your first impression to the editorial team. It should:

  1. Introduce the manuscript: Briefly summarize the aim of the work, its significance, and how it adds to existing literature.
  2. State the article type: Clearly state whether your submission is an Editorial, Guest Commentary, or Expert Opinion.
  3. Author details: Include full names, affiliations, and contact information for all authors.
  4. Corresponding author: Clearly identify who the corresponding author is.
  5. Exclusivity statement: Confirm that the manuscript is not under consideration elsewhere.
  6. Ethics statements: Include any relevant ethical considerations, such as IRB approvals for human or animal studies.
  7. Conflicts of interest: Disclose any potential conflicts.
  8. Suggested reviewers: Though optional, providing names and contact details for potential reviewers can be helpful.
  9. Acknowledge guidelines: Acknowledge that you have read and complied with the submission guidelines of IgMin Research – STEM.

Manuscript including tables and panels

The manuscript is, of course, the core of your submission. However, it should be supplemented with tables and panels that aid in the article's comprehension.

  1. Manuscript text: Follow the format prescribed in the previous guidelines, adapting your text to the type of article you are submitting (Editorial, Guest Commentary, Expert Opinion).
  2. Tables: These should be used sparingly and only to present essential data. Each table should be numbered consecutively and include a brief title.
  3. Panels: If your article involves steps, phases, or grouped information, panels are an excellent way to represent these details visually.


Figures serve to visually represent or summarize key points or data. Each figure should:

  1. Be numbered: Consecutively in the order they are cited in the text.
  2. Have legends: These should be brief but explanatory.
  3. Be high-resolution: Figures should be of high quality, preferably in JPEG or PNG formats.
  4. Be relevant: Every figure should add value to the manuscript, helping the reader understand the content better.

Author statement form

The Author Statement Form is a critical document where each author specifies their contributions to the manuscript. It helps to clarify roles and responsibilities and is essential for transparency. The form usually includes:

  1. Role identification: Each author lists their specific contributions, such as conceptualization, data collection, writing, editing, etc.
  2. Confirmation of accuracy: Authors confirm that they agree with the content in its final form.

Declaration of interests and source of funding statements

These declarations serve to maintain the integrity of the academic record.

  1. Interests: Any relationships, conditions, or circumstances that could be perceived as a potential conflict of interest must be declared.
  2. Funding: Here, you disclose the details of any financial support you have received for the research, including sponsor names, grant numbers, etc.

In summary, the mandatory submission documents provide a comprehensive framework to evaluate the suitability and quality of a manuscript. Each of these components serves specific functions, contributing to a transparent, ethical, and rigorous scholarly publishing process.

By ensuring that each of these documents is meticulously prepared and adheres to the guidelines, you significantly enhance the likelihood of your manuscript not only being accepted for review but also being well-received by your peer community

Authorship Criteria and the Limitations

Authorship is a critical aspect of scholarly communication, contributing significantly to the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge. At IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal, we maintain strict criteria for authorship, ensuring that individuals who have made substantive intellectual contributions to a paper are acknowledged and that ethical standards are upheld.

The role of human authors

Traditionally, human authors have been the cornerstone of intellectual contributions to academic research. They contribute original research questions, design experiments, collect and analyze data, interpret results, and construct coherent arguments. As such, human authors bear responsibility for their work, including any errors or issues related to ethical considerations such as plagiarism, data falsification, or other forms of academic misconduct.

The emergence of large language models (LLMs)

LLMs like ChatGPT have become increasingly sophisticated, capable of generating coherent and contextually relevant text based on the data they've been trained on. They can assist in various tasks like data analysis, draft preparation, and even generating results sections. However, their role in academic publishing warrants scrutiny.

Intellectual contributions and accountability

The main issue with considering LLMs as authors lies in the intellectual contributions and accountability aspects. LLMs do not possess the capability for original thought, ethical considerations, or the ability to take responsibility for errors or implications of the research. They are tools that are programmed to assist, not to think independently or ethically.

Ethical considerations

From an ethical standpoint, the use of LLMs in research can raise multiple concerns, such as data privacy, source transparency, and the potential for perpetuating bias. Human authors are required to declare conflicts of interest, sources of funding, and ethical compliance, aspects that LLMs cannot comprehend or declare.

Technological limitations

LLMs have limitations in understanding the nuances of human language and the complexities of scientific research. Their understanding is limited to the data they were trained on and the algorithms that power them. They are not capable of handling the dynamic and evolving nature of scientific discourse.

Community perspectives

Within the academic community, the idea of LLMs as authors could be seen as diminishing the value of human intellectual contributions. It could set a precedent that might devalue the rigorous methodology and ethical considerations that are fundamental to scholarly work.

Future developments

As technology evolves, there may come a time when AI could make substantive intellectual contributions to research. However, we are not at that stage yet. Should we reach that point, a thorough re-evaluation of authorship criteria would be warranted, involving extensive discussions within the academic community.

Current policy

Given the current limitations and ethical considerations, LLMs like ChatGPT do not meet the authorship criteria set by IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal. They can serve as valuable tools for assisting in research but cannot replace the intellectual contributions, ethical considerations, and responsibilities that come with human authorship.

Author declaration

Authors submitting to IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal must acknowledge that no part of their submission has been generated by LLMs in a manner that would warrant authorship. They must also ensure that all human authors meet the criteria for authorship as outlined by the journal.


While LLMs are powerful tools that can assist researchers in various ways, they currently do not meet the requirements for authorship as they cannot make intellectual contributions or bear ethical responsibilities. Their role, for the time being, should be considered supplementary to the human-driven research process.

By outlining these various dimensions, this expanded discussion aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of why Large Language Models like ChatGPT do not currently satisfy the authorship criteria for submissions to IgMin Research – STEM | A Multidisciplinary Journal. It reflects the journal's commitment to upholding the highest standards of academic integrity and ethical responsibility.


The process of preparing and submitting a manuscript involves multiple steps and adherences to standards. In this expanded section, we'll delve into each category to provide comprehensive guidance for prospective authors. This section aims to provide detailed clarification, allowing authors to be meticulous in their manuscript preparation for "Opinion or Commentary" articles.

Standards (criteria)

Before you initiate the submission process, be aware of the criteria or standards that your article must meet. Your manuscript should align with the highest ethical and academic standards, following the guidelines specified by international committees like the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). This includes but is not limited to, the originality of work, the accuracy of data, the validity of interpretation, and a robust ethical standpoint.

Commentary guidelines

The organization of your article is paramount to its readability and impact. Here are the components that need special attention:

  1. Opening sheet (title page): The title page should encapsulate the essence of your article in a succinct yet informative manner. It should be compelling enough to attract the reader's attention but also descriptive enough to give them an accurate idea of the article's content.
  2. Summary (abstract): Though Opinion or Commentary articles may not always require an abstract, including one can help readers quickly understand the article's scope and significance. The summary should not exceed 250 words and should concisely describe the article's objectives, methods (if applicable), results, and conclusions.
  3. Search phrases (keywords): Three to six keywords should be included to enhance the article's discoverability. These keywords should be relevant to the core themes of the article and commonly used in academic searches within the subject area.
  4. Setting (background): The background sets the stage for your article, providing context for your argument or opinion. Briefly review the existing literature or current events that are relevant to the topic of your article.
  5. Procedures (methods): In Opinion or Commentary articles, the methods section may detail how you have gathered information, including any systematic approaches to argument development or data collection.
  6. Discoveries (results): Though Opinion or Commentary articles are not primary research articles, you may still have compelling data or evidences to share. Label this section as “Findings” and present your data in a clear and concise manner, using figures and tables where appropriate.
  7. Deliberation (discussion): This is where you interpret your findings or develop your argument, offering insights into the implications of your work for the broader scientific community or societal impact. The discussion should logically flow from your findings.
  8. Summary statements (conclusions): Conclude by summarizing the key points of your article and highlighting the relevance and implications of your commentary or opinion.
  9. Abbreviation Catalog (List of Abbreviations): Any abbreviations used within the text should be defined and compiled into a list at the end of the manuscript.


Statements are official declarations that may be required to validate the ethical, methodological, and financial aspects of your article.

  1. Moral approval (Ethics Approval and Consent to Participate): If your article includes human or animal data, you must provide evidence of ethics approval from an accredited board.
  2. Release agreement (Consent for Publication): If your article includes identifiable details or images of individuals, written consent for publication must be provided.
  3. Accessibility of facts (Availability of Data and Materials): If applicable, clearly state how the data and materials used can be accessed for replicative or corroborative research.
  4. Rival interests (Competing Interests): Declare any financial or non-financial competing interests that might be construed to affect the results or interpretation of the manuscript.
  5. Sponsorship (Funding): Mention all sources of funding for the conducted research or opinion gathered.
  6. Contributorship (Authors’ Contributions): Detail each author's contribution to the research, conception, data analysis, and writing of the manuscript.
  7. Gratitude (Acknowledgments): Acknowledge people, organizations, or funding agencies that contributed to the article but do not meet the authorship criteria.
  8. Contributor profiles (Authors' Information): Brief biographies or affiliations for each author can be included optionally to provide context regarding their expertise.

Sub-notes (footnotes)

Use footnotes sparingly to provide additional information or clarification that does not fit naturally into the text body.

Citations (references)

  1. Internet addresses (Web Links and URLs): Ensure all URLs and web links are accurate and lead to the cited information.
  2. Citation formatting (Example Reference Style): Follow the NLM citation style for all references cited within the text.

Graphics, tables, additional files (figures, tables, and additional files)

If your article includes any additional media like figures or tables, they should be high-resolution and appropriately labeled and cited within the text.

Finalize submission (submit manuscript)

Once you've diligently followed all the guidelines, proceed to finalize your submission via the IgMin Research – STEM online portal. Ensure that all mandatory documents, including the covering letter, author statement form, and declaration of interests, are attached.

By following these comprehensive guidelines, you can improve the quality and readability of your manuscript, thereby increasing its chance of being accepted for publication in IgMin Research – STEM. Thank you for your valuable contributions to the scholarly community.