Authorship criteria

Authorship criteria at IgMin Research

Our mission is to foster interdisciplinary dialogue and accelerate the advancement of knowledge across a wide spectrum of scientific domains.


The following authorship criteria outline the for determining authorship for to "IgMin Research - a Multi-disciplinary Journal," a Gold Open-Access Multi-disciplinary Journal. These criteria are in accordance with the latest terms and rules acceptable globally in 2023. The purpose of these criteria is to transparency, fairness, and in acknowledging the contributions of individuals to scholarly research. It is crucial to adhere to these guidelines to maintain the integrity and credibility of the journal.

Substantial Contribution

Authors must have made a substantial intellectual contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the research study. They should have actively participated in the development of the manuscript and have critically reviewed and approved the final version for publication. This includes contributing to the formulation of research questions, hypotheses, and methodologies.

Authorship Responsibility

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and integrity of the work presented in the manuscript. They should ensure that the research is conducted ethically, adhering to relevant guidelines and regulations. Authors should also take responsibility for the accuracy of the data and results reported in the manuscript. They should disclose any conflicts of interest that may have influenced the research or its outcomes.

Criteria for Authorship

To be considered an author, individuals must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Conception and design: Authors should have contributed to the conception and design of the study, including the formulation of research questions, hypotheses, and methodologies. They should have played a significant role planning and execution of the research.
  2. Data collection and analysis: Authors should have participated in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. They should have contributed to the statistical analysis, if applicable, and the interpretation of the results. Authors should have a thorough understanding of the data and be able to explain and defend their findings.
  3. Drafting and revising: Authors should have been involved in the drafting and critical revision the manuscript. They should have provided intellectual input and made substantial contributions to the content, ensuring its accuracy and clarity. Authors should be willing to engage in the revision process and address reviewer comments and suggestions.
  4. Approval of the final version: Authors should have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript before submission. They should be willing to take responsibility the content and findings presented in the publication.

Acknowledging Contributions

Contributors who do not meet the criteria for but have made significant contributions be acknowledged in the acknowledgments section of the manuscript. This may include individuals who provided technical assistance, data, or valuable insights that contributed to the study. It is important to recognize and appreciate the contributions of these individuals while maintaining the distinction between authorship and acknowledgment.

Corresponding Author

The corresponding author is responsible for submitting the manuscript, communicating with, and handling revisions and inquiries. The corresponding author should ensure all co-authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript before submission. They should also provide information for correspondence purposes.

Authorship Disputes

In the event of authorship disputes, the journal will follow the guidelines provided by the Committee On Publication Ethics (COPE). Authors are encouraged to resolve disagreements regarding author among themselves before the manuscript is submitted. If disputes cannot be resolved, the journal may request additional documentation or evidence to support authorship claims. The decision of the journal's editorial board will be final in such cases.

Changes in Authorship

Any changes in authorship, including additions, deletions, or rearrangements, after the initial submission must be approved by all authors. Requests for changes in authorship should be made in writing to the journal's editorial office and should include a detailed explanation the requested change The journal reserves the right to evaluate and approve or reject requests based on the provided justification and the impact on the of the research.

Ethical Considerations

Authors should ensure that their research complies with all relevant ethical regulations. This includes obtaining informed consent from participants, respecting confidentiality and privacy, and ensuring the humane treatment of animals in research. Authors should also disclose any funding sources or financial interests that could influence the research or its interpretation.

Data Availability

Authors should be prepared to share raw data if requested by the journal or other researchers. This promotes transparency and allows for the replication of studies, which is a key aspect of scientific progress. Authors should indicate in their manuscript whether and how their data can be accessed.

Retraction and Correction

Authors should be prepared to retract or correct their work if significant errors or ethical issues are identified after publication. This is crucial for maintaining the integrity the scientific record.

Ghost and Guest Authorship

"IgMin Research - a Multi-disciplinary Journal" strongly discourages the practices of ghost and guest authorship. Ghost authors are individuals who have made significant contributions and the manuscript but are not listed as authors, often paid by commercial sponsors. Guest authors are individuals listed as authors who have not made significant contributions to the research or the manuscript, often included for the sake of adding prestige to the paper. Both practices are misleading and violate the principles of transparency and accountability in scientific publishing.

Multiple Submissions and Redundant Publication

Authors should not submit the same manuscript, in the same or different languages, simultaneously to more than one journal. This unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Redundant or duplicate publication, the publication of some or all of the research in more than one paper without proper cross-referencing, is also unacceptable.


IgMin Research - A Multidisciplinary Journal - Disciplinary journal plagiarism detection software to screen submitted content. Pliarism, the appropriation of another's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit, is a serious ethical. Self-plagiarism, the reuse of significant, identical, or nearly identical portions of one's own work without acknowledging that one is doing so or citing the original work, considered unethical.

Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

"IgMin Research - A Multi-disciplinary Journal" encourages scholarly debate and is prepared to consider publication of critical rebuttals to papers already published in the journal. Authors of criticized material will be given the opportunity to respond. If errors are discovered in published papers, the authors must promptly notify the journal's editors. If the errors are significant, the paper may need to be retracted or corrected.


Manipulation should ensure that images included in their manuscript are free from manipulation. Any specific enhancement, obscuration, move, or introduction of a specific feature within an image must be clearly stated in the manuscript, including the software used. Manipulation that alters the scientific meaning is considered unethical.


In cases of proven misconduct, including plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, and ethical violations, the journal will take appropriate action in accordance with the guidelines and recommendations of the Committee On Publication Ethics (COPE). This may include the retraction of published articles, preclusion of future submissions by the offending author(s), and notification of misconduct to the authors' institutions or funding bodies.

Authorship Order

The order of authors should be a joint decision of the co-authors. The order should ideally be based on the level of contribution. The first author usually is the individual who has made the most intellectual contribution to the work, in terms of design, execution, and interpretation. The last author often is the senior author or principal, the person who supervised or mentored the research. All other individuals meet the authorship criteria should be listed in the middle, and their specific contributions should be specified.

Equal Contribution

In some cases, two or more authors may have contributed equally to the research and manuscript. In such cases, this should be clearly indicated in the manuscript. The decision to share authorship equally should be made collectively by the authors and should accurately reflect the contributions of each author.

Authorship and Collaboration

In cases of collaborative research, authors should determine the authorship and the order of authors collectively. In multi-center trials, a writing committee may be formed to determine authorship. All members of the group who are named as authors should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

Role of Funding Source

The role of the funding source in the research should be clearly stated in the manuscript. The funding source should have no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source had such involvement, the authors have a responsibility to declare it.

Authorship and Accountability

All authors should be prepared to explain defend the published work. If questions arise about the accuracy or validity of the work, the authors should cooperate fully in an investigation or in the resolution of any conflict. Authors have a responsibility to maintain accurate records of data associated with their published work and to supply or provide access to these data, on reasonable request.

Authorship and Peer Review

Authors should engage in the peer review process responsibly and ethically. They should respect the confidentiality of the review process and not reveal any details of the manuscript or its review, during or after the peer-review process, beyond those released by the journal.

Authorship Confidentiality

Authors should treat all communication with the journal as confidential. This includes correspondence representatives such as Editors-in and/or Handling Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.


The outlined above are designed to uphold the highest standards of integrity, accountability, and ethical conduct in scientific publishing. "IgMin Research - a Multi-disciplinary Journal" is committed to ensuring that all published research meets these standards. By adhering to these guidelines, authors can contribute to the advancement of knowledge in their respective fields ensure that their work is recognized and respected within the global scientific community.