Abstract at IgMin Research

Our mission is to foster interdisciplinary dialogue and accelerate the advancement of knowledge across a wide spectrum of scientific domains.

Solar Energy Resource Potentials of the City of Arkadag



    Doctor of Technical and Agricultural Sciences, Academician of the International Academy of Sciences Environmental Safety (IAELPS), Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan


The article obtained systematized, scientifically substantiated gross, technical, economic, and environmental energy resource potentials from the introduction and use of solar energy technologies. The technical, economic, and environmental priorities of power plants were assessed in terms of energy efficiency, fuel economy, and the environmental impact per square meter from conversion to thermal and electrical energy in the city of Arkadag.
The calculated results are, kWh/m2 per year: gross resource potential of solar energy - 1844.6; the technical potential for conversion into thermal and electrical energy is equal to - 1256.44 and 242.44; economic - 502.6 and 96.98 kg fuel equivalent/m2 per year; environmental reduction in emissions of various harmful substances into the environment when using solar photovoltaic modules in the city of Arkadag will be: with annual electricity generation per m2 - 242.44 kW⋅h, annual fuel consumption savings - 96.96 kg. e., the reduction in emissions will be, kg per year: SO2 – 2.0; NOx – 1.1; CO – 0.14; CH4 – 0.29; CO2 – 155.0; solids – 0.21; when converted into thermal energy per m2 and annual production of 1256.4 kW⋅h, annual fuel savings are 502.6 kg of fuel equivalent; emission reduction will be, kg per year: SO2 – 10.4; NOx – 5.6; CO – 0.73; CH4 – 1.53; CO2 – 803.5; solids – 1.1.
Empirical equations (1-5) have been obtained taking into account the gross, technical, economic, and environmental resource potentials of solar energy in the city of Arkadag, it is possible to carry out energy and environmental forecasting when drawing up a feasibility study.



    1. Berdimuhamedov GM. Electric power power of Turkmenistan - Ashgabat: Turkmen State Publishing Service. 2022;
    2. What is LoRaWan.
    3. GPON technology: What is it and how to connect?
    4. Strebkov DS, Penjiyev AM, Mamedsakhatov BD. Development of solar energy in Turkmenistan: Monograph. M.: GNU VIESKh, 2012; 498.
    5. Bezrukikh PP, Arbuzov YuD, Borisov GA, Vissarionov VI, Evdokimov VM, Malinin NK, Ogorodov NV, Puzakov VN, Sidorenko GI, Shpak AA. Resources and efficiency of using renewable energy sources in Russia. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2002; 314.
    6. Vissarionov VI, Deryugina GV, Kuznetsova VA, Malinin NK. Solar energy:textbook for universities . M.: MPEI Publishing House. 2008; 276.
    7. Strebkov DS. Solar Energy Basics. Ed. PP Bezrukih. M: SAM Polygraphist. 2019; 326.
    8. Duffy DA, Beckman WA. Thermal processes using solar energy. M: Mir. 1977; 429.
    9. Penjiyev AM. Agricultural technology for growing melon trees in protected soil conditions: monograph. Moscow: RUSAINS. 2018;
    10. Penjiyev AM. Eco-energy resources of renewable energy sources: monograph. Moscow: RUSAINS. 2023;
    11. Penjiyev AM. Thermal Regim in Combined Cultivation Constructions. Applied Solar Energy. 2018; 54: 200-208.
    12. Strebkov DS, Penjiyev AM. Solar power plants with parabolic trough concentrators in the desert area of Karakum. Applied Solar Energy. 2019; 55: 195-206.
    13. Kondratyev KYa, Pivovarova ZI. Radiation regime of inclined surfaces. L.: Gidrometeoizdat. 1978; 215.
    14. Penjiyev AM. Fundamentals of GIS in the development of renewable energy. Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. 2017; 308.
    15. Scientific and applied reference book on the climate of the USSR. Episode 3, parts 1-16. – L.: Hydromethioizdate, 1989; 502.
    16. USSR Climate Handbook. Turkmen SSR, part 1. Solar radiation and radiation balance for individual years. Tashkent: 1974; 30: 98.
    17. Arbuzov YuD, Evdokimov VM, Levinskas AL. Development of photovoltaic modules with parabolic concentrators and silicon photoconverters. T Solar Engineering. 1996; 3-10.
    18. Gorodnichev RM, Pestryakova LA, Ushnitskaya LA, Levina SN, Davydova PV.Methods of environmental research. Fundamentals of statistical data processing: Educational and methodological manual. Yakutsk: NEFU Publishing House, 2019. 94.
    19. Penjiyev AM. Prospects for alternative energy and its environmental potential in Turkmenistan. Sarov: Alternative Energy and Ecology. 2009; 9(77). 131-139.
    20. Berdimuhamedov GM. Turkmenistan is on the path to achieving sustainable development goals. Ashgabat: Turkmen State Publishing Service. 2018; 468.
    21. Use of solar energy. Under general ed. LE Rybakova. – Ashgabat: Science. 1985; 280.