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Medicine

Internal Medicine at IgMin Research | Medicine Group

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Internal medicine, often referred to as general medicine, is a medical specialty that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and non-surgical treatment of adult diseases. Internists, or internal medicine physicians, are equipped with a broad understanding of various medical conditions and provide comprehensive care to patients with complex health issues. Their expertise spans across multiple organ systems, allowing them to address diverse health concerns.

The study of internal medicine involves a deep exploration of diseases affecting adults, including chronic conditions, acute illnesses, and preventive healthcare measures. Internal medicine physicians work to identify underlying causes, develop treatment plans, and promote patient wellness. With a holistic approach to patient care, internists play a pivotal role in improving the quality of life for their patients.

  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Gastrointestinal Health
  • Respiratory Health
  • Endocrine Health
  • Renal Health
  • Musculoskeletal Health
  • Neurological Health
  • Immunological Health
  • Geriatric Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Metabolic Disorders
  • Hypertension Management
  • Diabetes Care
  • Thyroid Disorders
  • Pulmonary Disorders
  • Liver Diseases
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Arthritis Management
  • Neurological Disorders
  • Autoimmune Conditions
  • Obesity and Weight Management
  • Vaccination and Preventive Health
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Chronic Pain Management
  • Internal Medicine Education

Medicine Group (1)

Research Article Article ID: igmin190
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Open Access Policy refers to a set of principles and guidelines aimed at providing unrestricted access to scholarly research and literature. It promotes the free availability and unrestricted use of research outputs, enabling researchers, students, and the general public to access, read, download, and distribute scholarly articles without financial or legal barriers. In this response, I will provide you with an overview of the history and latest resolutions related to Open Access Policy.

Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy among Self-reported Newly Diagnosed Diabetics
by Shweta Walia

Introduction: Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) poses a significant threat to individuals with diabetes, leading to visual impairment and blindness if not promptly addressed. This study focuses on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among self-reported newly diagnosed diabetics.Material method: This is a prospective study on 200 self-reported newly diagnosed diabetics from April 2022 to May 2023. Patient data, including complaints, diabetes duration, family history, hypertension, and therapy details, were comprehensively analyzed. Complete Ocular ex...aminations including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, slit lamp examination, fundus examinations, and Fundus fluorescein angiography were done. Diabetic Retinopathy was graded using a modified ETDRS grading system. Laboratory investigations included complete blood count, fasting and postprandial blood sugar, lipid profile, renal function test, and Hb1AC levels, providing a thorough assessment of patients’ ocular and systemic health.Result: Out of the 200 diabetics, 43.5% had diabetic retinopathy, with a slightly higher prevalence in males (44.64%) compared to females. The age group 50 - 59 had the highest prevalence (74.19%), and Hindus, Muslims, and other communities showed comparable percentages. Family history and hypertension were significant factors, with 88% of those with a family history developing retinopathy. NPDR was predominant (87.35%), while 12.64% had PDR. Clinically Significant Macular Edema (CSME) was present in 59.77%, with 80.76% of these cases having concomitant hypertension. Conclusion: The study emphasizes the imperative for early detection and comprehensive management of diabetic retinopathy among newly diagnosed diabetics. Age, gender, family history, and hypertension emerge as crucial determinants, advocating for integrated care and targeted screening programs to safeguard vision.

Ophthalmology Internal MedicineFamily Medicine