Radiology at IgMin Research | Medicine Group

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Radiology is a specialized medical field that employs advanced imaging technologies to visualize the internal structures of the body for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Radiologists use a variety of techniques, including X-rays, CT scans, MRI, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine, to obtain detailed images that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions. Radiology plays a crucial role in modern medicine by providing insights into the body's anatomical and functional aspects.

The study of radiology involves understanding the principles of imaging technology, radiation safety, and image interpretation. Radiologists collaborate with other medical professionals to guide treatment decisions, monitor progress, and ensure patient safety. By offering non-invasive and minimally invasive imaging solutions, radiology enhances patient care across a wide range of medical specialties.

  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Interventional Radiology
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • X-ray Imaging
  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Ultrasound Imaging
  • Mammography
  • Pediatric Imaging
  • Musculoskeletal Imaging
  • Neuroradiology
  • Cardiovascular Imaging
  • Abdominal Imaging
  • Oncologic Imaging
  • Emergency Radiology
  • Radiologic Pathology
  • Radiation Safety
  • Image-guided Procedures
  • Radiomics and AI in Radiology
  • Teleimaging and Teleradiology
  • Radiology Education and Training
  • Radiology Research and Innovations
  • Ethical Considerations in Radiology
  • Radiology and Public Health
  • Global Radiology Initiatives

Medicine Group (1)

Review Article Article ID: igmin161

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Preventing Rectal Toxicity in Prostate Cancer: Diet and Supplement Alternative to Enemas or Rectal Spacer
by Fabrizio Piro, Daria Cosentino, Ugo Piro, Gabriella Tocci and Luigi Marafioti

Background: Rectal toxicity is an important side effect of prostate cancer irradiation affecting 25% of patients. The role of dosimetric variables has a set of dose-volume constraints and curves to estimate the risk of rectal damage. The rectum position at the time of CT planning is different from the position during r...adiotherapy. Three methods are available to achieve optimal rectum position: enema; prostate cancer spacer; fiber-/fat-free diet. Methods: A 70.2 Gray radiation divided into 26 hypo-fractions was administered to 115 patients with prostate cancer by VMAT referred to a single center in Italy. To empty the rectum, all patients were administered a fiber-/fat-free diet and those with Eating Disorders (ED) were also added with activated charcoal (2 tablets/day) and a macrogol-based medical device (2 sachets/day). During treatment, the volumetric amount of rectum in the target was measured by comparing control-CT with simulation-CT, and acute toxicity was also checked. Results: The rectum position during control-CT in diet-only patients (29) predicted toxicity recorded during treatment, while in the ED group rectum position was adherent to position during simulations. Rectal volume target > 0.25 cc receiving a dose > V70 caused acute G3 toxicity that attenuated or worsened with rectal displacement. Acute rectal toxicity occurred in 6/29 (20.68%) patients (1 G3, 5 G1) in the diet-only group, while only in 1/86 (1.16%) patients (G1) in the ED group. No chronic toxicity was recorded in either group. Conclusion: Prostate cancer patients treated with VMAT, diet, charcoal, and macrogol emptied the rectum optimally and reduced incidence and severity of acute rectal toxicity, also with benefit on late toxicity.